In closing them down, Akhenaten brought the forward momentum of the New Kingdom to a halt while he commissioned new temples and shrines built according to his monotheistic belief in the one god Aten. Pharaohs from Dynasties Three and Four maintained a strong central government and they had almost absolute power. A vizier was the pharaoh’s most trusted adviser. Religion and government brought order to society through the construction of temples, the creation of laws, taxation, the organization of labour, trade with neighbours and the defence of the country's interests. He was a political, economic, and religious leader. The monarchial theocracy of Egypt lasted over 3,000 years, creating and maintaining one of the world's greatest ancient cultures. Moreover, there are mentions of honors granted by the pharaoh, who certainly valued the official, given that he was granted a tomb in the royal cemetery. “I will even not rant about treachery. These men were loyal to the pharaoh. The temple police would have been kept especially busy during religious festivals, many of which (such as that of Bastet or Hathor) encouraged drinking to excess and letting go of one's inhibitions. From his palace at the capital, the king would make his pronouncements, decree laws, and commission building projects, and his word would then be implemented by the bureaucracy which became necessary to administer rule in the country. Cite this page The mayors of individual towns became powerful. When the pharaohs lost control of the nomes, the central government collapsed. In the far north of Egypt, at Avaris, a Semitic people had settled around a trading center and, during the 13th Dynasty, these people grew in power until they were able to assert their own autonomy and then expand their control of the region. A little later, in the Second Dynasty, the court explicitly recognized the actuarial potential of the Following of Horus. Thebes served as a government and religious capital for centuries. The pharaoh represented the gods’ divinity and was the primary leader of the state. The Greek and Roman Empires later imposed their governmental systems on Egypt, also keeping some aspects of Egypt's regional government. The government, then, would use that produce in trade. At this time, the would-be rulers of Egypt fought each other using Greek mercenaries who, in time, lost interest in the fight and started their own communities in the Nile River Valley. This is an Egyptian word meaning ‘great house’. Mark, Joshua J. Viziers were like American governors. For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around 3100 B.C.